polycystic ovarian or PCOS: Symptoms, causes, treatment

The polycystic ovarian syndrome is a hormonal condition that affects women of childbearing age. This condition affects the ovaries, the reproductive organ that secretes estrogen and progesterone; eggs are released by the ovaries to be fertilized by a man’s sperm. The release of an egg every month is referred to as ovulation. The hormones that control ovulation are the follicle-stimulating hormone or FSH and the luteinizing hormone or LH. FSH activates the ovary to develop a sac that contains an egg or follicle and is well triggered by the LH to release a mature egg. 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is characterized by the growth of fluid-filled sac inside the ovaries. These sacs are follicles containing eggs that never mature enough to trigger ovulation. The absence of ovulation disrupts the level of estrogen FSH LH and progesterone, causing them to be out of balance. This can affect the menstrual cycle and lead to infertility Women with PCOS produce androgen, the male hormones that are higher than usual. 

causes :

doctors don’t know precisely what causes androgen factors that may play a role include genes. Studies have shown that specific genes can be linked to PCOS insulin resistance women with this condition have insulin resistance. For example, their body fails to respond typically to the hormone insulin which causes the body to demand more insulin; extra insulin is one of the leading factors that trigger the ovaries to produce more hormones. Obesity is a significant cause of insulin resistance. 

inflammation : 

obesity can also contribute to this research has linked excess inflammation to a higher level of androgen.

symptoms :

 the most common are irregular periods of excess hair growth on the face, back, belly and chest. More than 70% of women with PCOS have extra hair growth, weight gain headaches, dark patches of skin on the neck, and male pattern baldness under the breasts acne. 

diagnosis :

your doctor may start diagnosis by discussing your medical history, including weight changes and menstrual period. A physical examination would follow and check for symptoms such as face and body hair growth and acne. Your doctor may then recommend a pelvic exam and an ultrasound to look for any masses growth or other abnormalities in your ovaries or another part of your reproductive tracts blood test to check for raised level of male hormones or androgen additional blood testing may be carried out to check cholesterol insulin and triglyceride levels to rule out the possibility of related conditions like heart disease and diabetes. 

treatment :

treatment is focused on managing your concerns such as infertility, excess hair, acne, or obesity. This usually involves lifestyle changes and medications. The doctor may suggest a weight loss diet with moderate exercises. A healthy diet with exercise is beneficial. It can lower your risk of diabetes and heart disease medications to regulate the menstrual cycle to help you ovulate and to reduce excessive hair growth may be recommended for menstrual cycle regulation medications may include progesterone therapy to help you ovulate the doctor may recommend clomiphene letrozole and Ganado trophies to reduce hair your doctor may recommend both control pills and electrolysis.